Oral Health Link With Overall Body Health
Oral health describes the hygiene of the mouth, gums, and teeth. There is an intimate connection between the dental health and the overall health. The mouth has some harmless bacteria that are controlled by natural body defenses and also regular brushing or flossing. Oral bacteria and the inflammation caused by a gum disease called periodontitis might lead to some illnesses. Here are some diseases and how they relate to oral health.
Problems to note
Cardiovascular is also called the heart disease. The bacteria from inflammation of the gums enter the bloodstream and through the arteries reach the heart. This cause atherosclerosis which is the hardening of the arteries. Atherosclerosis causes plaque on the inner walls of the arteries. What follows is a decrease in blood flow or blocking of the arteries. The obstruction of blood flow leads to stroke or heart attack. This inflammation can infect the heart. This condition is endocarditis.
Gum disease can also cause infection to the lungs. This disease comes as results of breathing from an infected gum and teeth for an extended period. The periodontal disease makes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumonia more fatal by increasing the number of bacteria in the lungs.
Diabetes patients are more prone to periodontal disease, and the inflammation of the gums make it hard for them to control their sugar levels. Inflammation impairs the body’s ability to utilize insulin. They should have an excellent dental care to control their disease.
This disease leads to premature birth and underweight babies at birth. Infection and inflammation tampers with the development of the fetus in the womb and the babies are born with lungs and heart conditions.
Osteoporosis is a disease that affects bones.It makes individuals have weak bones. Osteoporosis is secondary to periodontitis, gum inflammation that affects the jawbone leading to wasting of the bone.
Red, swollen and bleeding gums lead to wasting of the gum tissue, and so exposing the teeth root. This gum loss eventually leads to tooth loss. Habits like smoking also can result in stained teeth, mouth cancer, and lung cancer.
Conclusively, dental health is linked to overall health and the best initiative to take as an individual is to:
- Brush the teeth, after every meal.
- Flossing daily and rinsing the mouth every time after flossing.
- Eating a balanced diet with vitamin C to help build strong gums and strong teeth.
- Avoid using sharp objects on teeth and gums.Avoid smoking of tobacco.